Forms of Intentional Community

Legal structure and regulatory environment have a significant impact on the challenges faced by intentional communities.

The majority of intentional communities in Australia fall into three broad forms:

  • landsharing communities,
  • subdivided communities, such as eco-villages and cohousing communities, and
  • social housing, rental and other communities.

The primary impact of these forms is evident in

  • the ease with which new communities can be established under local planning schemes,
  • the availability of finance, and
  • in access to professional and other services with relevant specialist knowledge.

To a lesser extent, each form of community tends to encourage its own style of community dynamic.

The support available to each form of community varies widely.

Social housing is usually supported (as well as constrained) by government infrastructure.

Eco-villages and cohousing communities can find support with those who provide strata development and management services.

The Co-operative Living Information Service concentrates its efforts on landsharing communities, because of the three forms of community they have the fewest support services available.

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